Soldiers With Night Vision

Historical Military Landmarks



 

The Revolutionary War | The Civil War The Modern Military Era NC Veterans Park

Self-Guided Tour | Tour Groups On Fort Bragg 

 


 

Revolutionary War Era

 
Liberty Point
Near this site in June 1775, a group of fifty-five patriots signed a document of freedom, known as the "Liberty Point Resolves", one year before the Declaration of Independence was signed. A granite marker commemorates their pledge to the cause of Independence and lists fifty-five signers names. Liberty Point is not only a locally cherished historical area but also a vestige of early street patterns with its notable triangular plot.
 
Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry (F.I.L.I.)
On August 23, 1793, the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry was organized after Congress enacted the Militia Act. It is still NC’s official historic military command. The company offers a number of sites to see in Cumberland County:
 
          

 

Parade Grounds: Isaac Hammond’s Gravesite
The fifer, Isaac Hammond, lies buried here. Hammond became the first fifer in the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry and served 30 years. He also served in the 10th NC Regiment Continental Line during the Revolutionary War. He became a barber in town and participated in politics even though blacks were not permitted to vote at the time.

 
Parade Grounds: Monument

A large monument on the parade ground marks the 200th anniversary of the F.I.L.I. The monument has a three-stage rusticated granite base, two marble columns with upside down sandstone Corinthian caps topped with rectangular granite table and the inscription “1793 Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry 1993”

 

Armory & Museum
The Armory & Museum houses two centuries of documents and artifacts for the company, including minutes from the very first meeting and the carriage that the Marquis de Lafayette is thought to have ridden in during his 1825 visit to Fayetteville. By Appointment Only, 910-433-1457.

 
Cross Creek Cemetery
Founded in 1785, the oldest public cemetery in Fayetteville is the burial ground for veterans from the Revolutionary War through the Spanish American War. The retaining wall along the southern boundary is believed to be the oldest piece of construction still standing in Fayetteville today.
 
 
 
Flora McDonald Historic Marker
Near this spot the Scottish heroine bade farewell to her husband, Allan MacDonald of Kingsburgh, and his troops during the march-out of the Highlanders to the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge, February 1776. Located on Cool Springs Street.
 
General Cornwalis Historic Marker
Marching to Wilmington after the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, stopped with his army in this town, April, 1781. General Cornwallis stayed in Cross Creek on his way to Yorktown. Located on Green Street.
 
Marquis de LaFayette Historic Marker
On March 4-5 1825, was guest to Fayetteville (named for him in 1783), staying at home of Duncan McRae, on site of present courthouse. Located at Gillespie Street at Franklin Street. 
 
Marquis de Lafayette Statue
Located on Ann Street, a statue in Cross Creek Park honors Fayetteville’s namesake. 
 

 

The Civil War Era

 
Monroe's Crossroads Battlefield, Fort Bragg
The Battle of Monroe's Crossroads began at dawn on March 10, 1865 as Confederate cavalry stormed a Union encampment. The Union soldiers awoke to attack and scrambled for their weapons. A notable occurrence was when a Confederate Captain asked a Union soldier dressed only in his undergarments, "Where's General Kilpatrick?" The Union soldier, Kilpatrick himself, replied, "There he goes on that horse." This exchange is now known as "Kilpatrick's Skeedaddle." The Confederates promptly raced after the man on the horse. The battle lasted half a day and closed when Confederate forces were unable to continue offensives against the Union troops. 
 
*Open for escorted tours by special appointment on the first Monday of each month. Visit Fort Bragg Cultural Resources Office for more details on individual and group tours, or call  910-396-6680.
 
Sandy Grove Church, Fort Bragg 
Sandy Grove Presbyterian Church was founded and built in 1854, as a congregation off-shoot from Long Street Church. The land for this church was donated by Peter Monroe, who, along with his extended family is buried in the adjacent cemetery. This one-story wooden church served the rural Scottish community until it was purchased by the U.S. Army in 1922. The church was modified in the early 1900s by a vestibule and steeple addition, changing its appearance. The community/church cemetery contains 214 graves, the oldest of which dates 1759. Services are sometimes held here for descendant groups and visiting military units.
 
*Open for escorted tours on the first Monday of each month or by special appointment. Visit Fort Bragg Cultural Resources Office for more details on individual and group tours, or call 910-396-6680.
 
Long Street Presbyterian Church, Fort Bragg 
Long Street Presbyterian Church is one of the first established in this area, along with Bluff and Barbeque churches, during the mid-1700s. The first congregation, composed of Highland Scots who settled in the area, met in 1756 in McKay’s meeting house, until 1765 when the first Long Street Church was built out of logs. Likely built with slave labor, the standing two-story wooden church was completed in 1847 and represents the third church of this Argyle Community. Built on land owned by Duncan McLaughlin, the building and 6 acres were sold to the congregation in 1850.
 
Nearby a cemetery was established to serve the community. Still visible today, the cemetery is protected by a dry-laid stone wall and contains the earliest marker of 1773, and one marker with a Gaelic inscription. Dry-laid walls of this type were common among Highland crofters, and represent a skill transplanted to America. The graves of many early Scottish setters and their descendants, and possibly their slaves, are buried in this graveyard, along with one mass burial of Confederate soldiers killed at the nearby Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads. The U.S. Army bought the church, cemetery and land from the congregation in 1923 to establish Camp Bragg. Descendants still hold annual services once a year here. 
 
*Open for escorted tours on the first Monday of each month or by special appointment. Visit Fort Bragg Cultural Resources Office for more details on individual and group tours, or call 910-396-6680.
 
The Fayetteville Arsenal
In 1836, Congress chose Fayetteville as the site of a U.S. Arsenal, and by 1858, a compound of multiple workshops created a manufactory. The arsenal achieved full manufactory capabilities under the Confederate States of America. It produced rifles, gun carriages, and ammunition for the Confederate forces. Hundreds of Fayetteville men joined the Confederate ranks. Local women worked at the arsenal rolling cartridges. Fayetteville operated hospitals for wounded soldiers.  Much of the remnants of the U.S. Arsenal can be seen on display at the Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex. Open from 10 a.m. - dusk. For more information, call 910-486-1330.
 
Market House
The Market House built in 1832 on the site of the 1788 State House, which was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1831. At the State House, North Carolina ratified the US Constitution, chartered UNC, and ceded her western lands to form the State of Tennessee. Architecturally unique, the Market House is the only National Landmark in Cumberland County. 

Historically, meat and produce and other goods were sold beneath, while the second floor was utilized as the town hall. Occasionally slaves were sold at Market Square and the vast majority of these sales were as a result of indebtedness or estate liquidation. During the Civil War, a skirmish took place around the Market House involving Confederate Hampton's and Union General Sherman's troops. After the Civil War, the Market House remained an important part of the civic and economic life of Fayetteville, functioning as an open market into the 20th century. Today, the Market House is one of the 40 National Landmarks in North Carolina.
 
The upstairs room still serves as meeting space. Located at the intersection of Hay, Gillespie, Person and Green Streets. For more information, call 910-483-2073.

 

Sandford House

Sandford House is the main building on Heritage Square. Built in 1800, this Federal style home has been the residence for several prominent families of Scottish heritage who came up the Cape Fear River to settle in Fayetteville. The first to reside in this home was Duncan McLeran. He was a prominent citizen and one of the first elders of First Presbyterian Church. The next family to live here was John Adam and wife Sarah Donaldson. His father Robert Adam was an important local Scottish merchant and the first Commander of the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry (F.I.L.I.).

In 1820, the structure was purchased for use as the Bank of the United States, the first federal bank in North Carolina. John W. Sandford was the teller of the bank and he and his family resided upstairs on the top floor while the bank was in operation. The first floor was the bank and the basement held the vault. When the bank was discontinued in 1832, John W. Sandford purchased the building for his family home. Other prominent citizens lived in this home until it was purchased by The Woman’s Club of Fayetteville in 1945. According to local tradition, the residence was used as a barracks for Union troops during Gen. William T. Sherman’s occupation of Fayetteville in March 1865.

Open by appointment. To schedule, call 910-483-6009. www.womansclubfay.org
 

Averasboro Battlefield Complex

The Averasboro Battlefield Site Complex marks the spot of a Civil War battle that began on March 15, 1865. The battle was the result of a Confederate offensive maneuver to delay Union General Sherman’s progress through the South. Battle casualties were high for both armies. The Yankees reported 477 casualties, while the Confederates lost approximately 500. A little over 24 hours after the battle began, it ended with the Confederacy withdrawing its troops after achieving its mission.The battlefield is marked with interpretive signage pinpointing key physical locations within the battle. The site also contains two plantation homes: Oak Grove, which was built in 1793 and Lebanon, built in 1825.

Open Tuesday-Saturday 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Sunday 1 p.m. - 4 p.m. For more information, visit www.Averasboro.com.

 

Old Bluff Church

Organized in 1758, Old Bluff Presbyterian Church is one of oldest Presbyterian churches in Cumberland County. This church along with Long Street Presbyterian and Barbeque Presbyterian Churches provided the Scottish population of the Upper Cape Fear Valley with longtime formal congregations. The present Greek Revival structure was built in 1858. The present day Bluff Presbyterian Church congregation, located in nearby Wade, maintains the old church.

As you face north entering the Old Bluff churchyard and cemetery, you are pointed in the direction in which the lead element of Union Gen. William T. Sherman’s Left Wing advanced on March 14, 1865. Over two days, the wing’s 30,000 officers and men, with their supplies and equipment, passed by in the face of sporadic and increasing Confederate resistance. That resistance culminated in the Battle of Averasboro on March 15–16 and the Battle of Bentonville on March 19–21.

Early on March 15, half a mile north along the Fayetteville-Raleigh Stage Road, Confederate cavalrymen skirmished with the Union vanguard at Silver Run Creek and Mill Pond. Later, Sherman established temporary headquarters there. The rainy weather that week made the roadway nearly impassable and the soldiers miserable. Despite the terrible weather, at nightfall on March 15, Union Col. William Hawley’s brigade prepared for a hot meal and a night’s rest here at Bluff Church after working all day corduroying the road. At 7:30 p.m., however, the brigade was called forward to assist the Union cavalry, which was halted and engaged, as the Battle of Averasboro began. One of the soldiers described the seven-mile trek to the battle site by saying, "Men had their shoes sucked off by the mud, while others stumbled, lost their guns, and were thankful that they were not trampled under by the moving column and buried alive."

The adjacent cemetery is one of the oldest in the county. Many early Scottish settler and merchant families are buried there: including Colonel Alexander McAllister (a leading county patriot in the American Revolution), Farquhard Campbell and David Marshall (Carbine) Williams (helped develop the semi-automatic M1 Carbine rifle used in World War II).

This site is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.  Internal tour by appointment. For more information, call 910-891-5019.
 

Confederate Monument/Cross Creek Cemetery
Founded in 1785, Cross Creek Cemetery is the oldest public cemetery in Fayetteville. Mrs. Anne K. Kyle, who served as a nurse during the Civil War, established the Confederate Burial Ground soon after Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his army left Fayetteville in March 1865. She and Fayetteville Mayor Archibald McLean selected a spot in the back section of the cemetery overlooking Cross Creek to inter the soldiers.

After the war, Mrs. Kyle and a group of Fayetteville women worked together to erect a monument in memoriam of the Confederate dead. To raise funds, the women raffled a homemade silk quilt and sold tickets for a dollar each. The monument was erected in 1868 and is the oldest Confederate monument in North Carolina. 
 

Another memorial was dedicated by John R. Tolar in the late 1860s, in remembrance of his father and eight uncles who were killed or disabled during the war. In addition to the Confederate dead, many other Civil War veterans, both Southern and Northern, are interred in the cemetery.

 
Confederate Breastworks

As Union General Sherman was making his way through Fayetteville with his army during the Civil War, a number of battles and skirmishes occurred in the area. The Confederate soldiers threw up breastworks early in 1865 to defend Fayetteville from Sherman’s army. 

Breastworks were aboveground trenches that provided basic protection against enemy
attacks. They were usually built on top of waterlogged ground where it was difficult to dig trenches. The name breastwork comes from the fact that the fortifications are about breast high. Earth, rocks, sandbags, masonry, tree trunks and any other material that could be found in the area was used to provide cover for trenches 7 to 8 feet high. In some places breastworks were as high as 30 feet. Ramsey Street at Cochran Avenue.
 

Confederate Women’s Home
The Confederate Women’s Home was built in 1915 for the widows and daughters of North Carolina’s Confederate veterans, but was torn down during the 1960’s. It was located in the open empty lot beside the school and was torn down in the 1960's. About 300 yards from this marker is the Confederate Women’s Cemetery, which dates back to the 1800's. It’s marked by a brick column archway entrance next to the Gee Graveyard. Even though it is overgrown, the stones are visible. Glenville Avenue


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The Modern Military Era

 

Airborne and Special Operations Museum
The Airborne and Special Operations Museum preserves the extraordinary feats performed by parachute and glider borne troops and their brothers in arms, the special operations forces. By exploring the artifact displays, life-size dioramas, audio and visual displays, and motion simulator, you will gain a deeper respect and pride for the remarkable achievements of these brave Airborne & Special Operations soldiers.
 
One of the area's premier attractions, this state-of-the-art educational facility houses exhibits and programs that highlight the honor, courage, duty, and heroic feats of this unique sector of our armed forces from its inception in 1940 to present-day operations. The facility is part of the Army museum system.
 
Highlights Include:
  • 59,000 sq. ft. building with 23,000 sq. ft. main exhibit hall
  • 240-seat large-screen theater featuring a specially-produced movie showing these forces in action
  • 24-seat simulator that allows riders to "experience" a helicopter attack, parachute jump and off-road pursuit
  • Vivid life-size dioramas
  • Interactive displays
  • Rare artifacts
  • Memorial Garden, parade area and unit memorials on 6.5 acre site
  • Gift shop

Located at 100 Bragg Blvd (at intersection of Hay Street). Hours: Tuesday-Saturday 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.; Sunday noon-5 p.m.; Closed Mondays; Open Federal Holiday Mondays. 

Museum admission free; tickets to theater $4 and simulator $5 each or both for $8; children 8 and under free when accompanied by paying adult (limit 2 per adult). For more information, call 910-643-ASOM (910-643-2766) or visit www.asomf.org.
 

JFK Special Warfare Museum
The JFK Special Warfare Museum, established in 1963, spotlights the proud history of the U.S. Army Special Operations and Special Forces units, also known as the Green Berets. The history of unconventional warfare spans more than 250 years, dating back to the French and Indian Wars and Rogers Rangers. The museum contains many unique items from Worl War II, the Vietnam War and current operations.
 

Gift shop. Building D-2502, Ardennes and Marion Streets. Open Tuesday - Sunday 11 a.m. - 4 p.m. Admission is free. For more information, call 910-432-4272 or 910-432-1533.

 
82nd Airborne Division War Memorial Museum
The 82nd Airborne Division War Memorial Museum brings the history of our beloved heroes in the All- American Division from its birth in 1917, to the airborne battles of World War II, to the campaigns in Vietnam, Grenada, Panama and the Persian Gulf, to the present. On exhibit, you will see Medal of Honor Recipient Sergeant Alvin York’s uniform and rifle. The museum has aircraft and memorial displays outside the museum as well. (Outside exhibit, open every day from dawn to dusk). Film shown each hour.
 
Gift shop. Building C-6841 Ardennes Street. Open Tuesday - Saturday 10 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Admission is Free. For more information, call 910-432-3443 or 910-432-5307 or visit www.82ndairbornedivisionmuseum.com.
 

Iron Mike Statue
This 15-foot statue is dedicated to the airborne trooper who is always watching, waiting, and alert. "Iron Mike," the post's most prominent symbol since 1961; was the creation of the wife of a former deputy post chaplain. His stance is that of an airborne soldier who has completed a combat jump. The cover art for the book, Devils in Baggy Pants inspired this statue.
 
Inspired by the cover art for the book, Devils in Baggy, Iron Mike is a symbol of the thousands of airborne soldiers that have defended American liberties in numerous world conflicts and are continuing to do so today. Located at the traffic circle at Randolph and Armistead Streets on Fort Bragg and at  Airborne and Special Operations Museum (ASOM).
 
 
Sicily Drop Zone
Enjoy the breathtaking sight of paratroopers floating through the sky above Fort Bragg. Visitors can see actual airborne jumps at Sicily Drop Zone off Manchester Road. Call 910-396-MEMO (6366) for a jump schedule recording.
 
 
 
Special Operations Memorial Plaza
This site features a memorial wall that honors Special Operations soldiers killed in the line of duty as well as memorial stones donated by Special Operations veterans groups. The Plaza is also home to the statues of the Special Warfare Soldier and Major Richard "Dick" Meadows.
 

Col. Arthur Bull Simmons Statue 
Statue dedicated to a heroic special forces soldier that went above and beyond the call of duty throughout his long military career. One of many great American heroes, Colonel "Bull" Simon, was the overall ground commander of the famous Son Tay Raid in 1970. He later rescued two American businessmen kidnapped during the Iranian Revolution for H. Ross Perot.

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NC Veterans Park

NC Veterans ParkThe first state park dedicated to military veterans — young and old... living or deceased... from all branches of the Armed Services: Army, Navy Marines, Air Force and Coast Guard.

With its rich military heritage, Fayetteville is the perfect place to house the North Carolina Veterans Park. The city’s beautifully revitalized downtown is a fitting location, given the spirit of renewal embodied in the park. What’s more, North Carolina is proud to call itself the “Most Military Friendly” state, and the Veterans Park incorporates many natural and architectural elements that represent the state. Symbolic features pay homage to the veterans from over 100 North Carolina counties and represent the citizens who support them.

For more information, visit ncveteranspark.org

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Self-Guided Tours

 

 

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Tour Groups on Fort Bragg

 

A variety of activities may be available for groups. Please contact Community Affairs office for scheduling. (910) 396-5401.

 

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Places To Stay

3945 Goldsboro Road
Wade